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Simon Germond


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  • Name Simon Germond  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Person ID I054  Bedell-122689
    Last Modified 26 Sep 2006 

    Family Mary Bedell,   b. Abt 1655, Hempstead, Nassau Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Bef 22 Jun 1684 
    Family ID F14  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Henry Shelden Germond, Jr., A History of the Germond Family In America: [From the Foreword written by the Watch Tower Chapter of the DAR, Maplewood, NJ in 1935] "This book has never been printed; the only copy in existence being a draft in the possession of Mr. Henry S. Germond who loaned it to Watch Tower Chapter, D.A.R. Mr. Germond traced, compiled and edited this genealogy from old Bible records and family records of all kinds from members of the family from all parts of the country. This together with old wills, tomb stone records, church, cemetery and town records. References and authority given throughout the book. Much of this data could not be duplicated at this time."

      [Henry Shelden Germond, Jr. writes the following in his book on 26 Nov 1903] [p 1] "The Story of the Emigrants -- Although I never used to wonder very much about it, I remember that it was always said that the Germonds were of Huguenot origin: Father used to say so, and Grandmother though so too. All my researches seem to strengthen this idea. Those who bear our name in other parts of the country with whom I have corresponded, all speak of the family tradition: and with all this evidence, gathered from people who have had no communication with one another in several generations, I am of the opinion that it must be so.

      "Mr. Isaac Germond of Dutchess County [NY], has this to say: 'My father used to say that all the Germonds in this country were descended from four brothers who emigrated to this State about or nearly two hundred years ago; one of them settled on Long Island, one in Harlem, one in the town of Washington, and the other in the town of Stamford (the last two in the county of Dutchess). Their names he was never able to learn. He believed they were of French origin and Huguenots.'

      [Compilers note: Isaac confuses the story of the four brothers with the fact that Simon came to the American Colonies with two or three of his children, his first wife (as seen below) having died en route, and settled in Hempstead where he married Mary. Thus, two or three of the sons (brothers in Isaac's account) were part of the emigrant family with either one or two of the brothers being the sons of Simon and Mary. This is an example of how the retelling of family histories from generation to generation over time tends to compress the facts of earlier generations into succeeding generations (i.e., generational compression). See the compilers note under Isaac, son of Simon and Mary, that suggests Treadwell was correct in his presentation of the six sons of Simon and Mary.]

      "Mr. Isaac Germond of Germonds, Rockland County, NY told me in the 1890's that there were three brothers: that they were from the south of France; that they emigrated to England, married English women, and from there came to this country. [p 2] I have heard other versions too, but the origin of these other stories has been so vague, the evidence so slight, that I attach little value to them.

      [Compilers note: this version actually fits better the facts from the research of Henry Shelden Germond. However, most family origin stories tend to begin with three brothers coming to the colonies.]

      "Combining these fragments as above given, I intend to give what evidence I can in the following order: 1) the name [Germond] in France; 2) the name in England; [and] 3) the earliest mention I can find of the name in this country. After this, I will deal with the authentic history of all the descendants that I can find in this country, tracing them back to a common ancestor if possible.

      [p 3] "The Family In England -- 'Protestant Exiles from France,' by Rev. C. A. Agnew, a list containing names of persons born 'In Partibus Transmarinis, naturalized by Royal Letters Patent, Westminster.'
      [abstracted] 1) John Garmaine, 21 Mar 1688; 2) Louis Jamin, 10 Oct 1688; 3) Abraham Jamain, 15 Apr 1687; 4) Nicholas Jamain and Jane, his wife, 1 Jan 1690; Louis Jamain, 5 Mar 1690; and Elias Jamain, 11 Mar 1700.

      "The Family of Jean Germon of La Tremblade In France -- Jean Germon; his children: Mary Germain and Margaret Germain -- [p 3a] From the village of La Tremblade, province of Saintonge in France, came Jean and Charles Germon. Jean arrived in New England, autumn of 1686. His wife died on the voyage. He settled at Naragansett colony, East Greenwich, RI (Frenchtown). This colony broke up in 1691 and he joined the French settlement at New Oxford, MA, where Charles Germon settled in 1686.

      "This settlement broke up in 1696. The French houses were attacked by Indians [25 Aug 1696]. 'The breaking up of the settlement followed immediately after the massacre. Hopeless of a secure establishment in the wilds of Massachusetts, some of the families decided to remain in Boston where they were generously ordered by their bretheren of the French Church. Of their number was Germon.' The sites of the 'French Houses are still pointed out by the inhavitants of Oxford, a locality of a mile and a half southeast of the present center of the village' [Baird's 'Hugueot Immigration to America']. Researchers find but two daughters of Jean, Mary and Margaret.

      [p 21] "In the will of [Isaac Germond, son of Simon, in] 1832 we read that Isaac's daughters Margaret and Mary were 'at Boston in New England.' On this I [Henry Shelden Germond, Jr.] base my idea of a relationship between our family, and the [family of] Charles and Jean Germon, the Huguenot refugees who settled at Narragansett and New Oxford . . .. It may be the latter (Jean) who is the John in the Hempstead records of 1698.

      [Compilers note: Based on the family group sheets of George W. Buffington in the Adriance Library at Poughkeepsie, and our own analysis of generational placement, we believe it is more likely that John in the Hempstead records is Jean, son of Simon; and that the presence of Margaret and Ann in Boston might be attributed to them living with Germond relatives in Boston. It is possible that Simon's son, Jean, had an uncle Jean who lived in Narragansett, MA; and that he obtained life work, or an apprenticeship for his career in the Boston area through an uncle named Jean Germond. This would also account for Margaret and Mary being in Boston. Finally, as recorded below, Simon and Mary are not recorded in Hempstead after 1697 and do not appear in the 1698 Hempstead Census. Some records suggest that Simon was a former sea captain. If so, perhaps Simon and Mary moved back to Boston with the younger children to be near the sea. If so, Margaret and Mary might well have been staying with an aunt or uncle, a brother or sister of Isaac, their father.]

      [p 4]"Mary Germain -- Born in France, 1680, came to this country with her father, and married Andrew Segouiney, son of Andrew the constable from La Rochelle, France who was in the Rhode Island settlement. They resided in Boston, move to Oxford, MA. History of Oxford, MA by George F. Daniels, gives descendants and mentions a genealogy of the Segouiney family.

      "Margaret Germain -- Daughter of Jean Germon, born in Rochelle, France, 12 Dec 1671, came to this country with her father. She married on or before 1697, Paiz Cassaneau, and died at Wrentham, MA, Apr 1769. Left descendants.

      "Charles Germon -- He was one of those who settled at the French Colony at New Oxford, MA in 1686. The records of baptisms at the French Church in New York contain the name of Ann Garmon, born 3 Oct 1710, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Germon. This may be the same Charles who settled at New Oxford. No further record.

      [p 5] "Early Records at Boston; Intentions Filed, Marriages Not Recorded at Boston [Marriage Records, 1700-1751, Record Commissioners Report, City of Boston] -- [rearranged] Betrothed, 6 Nov 1695, John German to Hester Werlidge. Married by Mr. Allen, 19 Dec 1700, Jane German to Lewis Day. Betrothed, 19 Aug 1749, John Germon to Mary Vincent.

      "The Family of Jamain of Rochelle In France -- Etienne Jamian m Marie Billard (d 1689?). Their children: 1) Etienne Jamain; 2) Margaret Jamain, d before 1707, m Jean Charon, their children, a) Estar Charon m as early as 1700 Pierre Morin, and b) Jean Charon; 3) Nicholas Jamain, d 1707, wife died before 1707; 4?) Elie Jamain (perhaps he as a son of Etienne); 5) Stephen Jamain m unknown, their child, Stephen Jamain; 6) Arnaud Jamain, d before 1707, married unknown, their children, Judith Jamain, and Stephen Jamain (d 1706); and 7) Marie Jamain m Jun 1692 Pierre Morin.

      [p 6] "In the autumn of 1686 one Etienne Jamain arrives in New England, settled at the Narragansett Colony, at East Greewich, RI (Frenchtown). The name is next found in the fecrods of the French Church in New York. Etienne Jamain -- Evidently the head of the family of that name in New York at the beginning of the 18th century. He was a merchant of Rochelle in France. From the records of the French Church in New York, and From History of the Huguenot Emigration to America by Baird, it would seem that he was the father of at least six children.

      "Etienne Jamain -- Probably son of Etienne Jamain. Was 'high constable' in 1705.

      "Margaret Jamain -- Daughter of Etienne Jamain and Marie Billard (?) married Jean Charon and had at least two children, Estar and Jean. Her brother, Nicholas, mentions her in his will of 1706-7 as being then dead.

      "Nicholas Jamain -- Son of Etienne Jamain and Marie Billard (?). Was one of [p 7] the 'chefs de famille' of the French Church in 1704. He made his will in 1706-7 and mentioned Stephen Jamain (his nephew) son of his brother Stephen; Estar Jamain (daughter of his sister Margaret deceased and Jean Charon); Marie Morin, eldest daughter of Peter Morin (both being the children of his brother Arnaud Jamain, deceased); and Jean Charon and Esther Charon, children of Jean Charon and his sister Margaret. He mentions also his cousins Elle Jamain and Judith Jamain. His wife was deceased when he made his will.

      "Stephen Jamain -- Son of Etienne Jamain.

      "Arnaud Jamain -- Son of Etienne Jamain, had children and was deceased in 1707.

      "Estar Charon -- Daughter of Margaret Jamain and Jean Charon, married Pierre Morin as early as 1700.

      "Documentary History of New York, vol 1, p 621: In a census of New York about 1703 is the name of Nicholas Jamin in the Dock Ward.

      "Records of the French Church of New York -- Baptisms -- [Compilers abstract: Pierre Godefrey and Marie Jamain are Godparents at baptism of Simeon Pierre, son of Goucet Bonin and Marie Pontin.] Sunday, 12 Aug 1694, Marguerite Morin, b 30 Jul 1694, presented by Elie Jamin and Judith, Godfather and Godmother, daughter of Pierre Morin and Marie Jamain.

      "Marriages -- Jun 1692, Pierre Morin, native of La Rochell, France, son of Pierre Morin, merchant in said place and Marie Jamain, daughter of deceased Etienne Jamain, also merchant of said Rochelle, and of deceased Marie Billard.

      "Burial -- 5 May 1689 at 4 p.m. Marie Billard, widow of Estienne Jamain of Rochelle in France, was interred in the public cemetery of this place (New York City).

      "Early Hempstead, Long Island Records -- [p 9] 22 Jun 1684-5 -- At a town meeting held on this date, 'Ther was given by the 'Mayger Vote of ye Inhabitants of ye said towne unto Siman Garman, a peece of Land to the quantity of one Aker and half of Land or there Abouts Lying on ye South Side of Jeremain Wood['s] lot yt [it] Lieth betwene his ffather [father-in-law] bedle [Bedell] and Tho [Thomas] Ireland, Ther [there] beeing A Hy Way Lef [being a highway left] betwen his Land and Thomas Ireland.' (Signed) Josi Starr, Clerk. [This is the earliest date mentioning Simon in the Hempstead Town Records.]

      "11 Jul 1691 -- Simon Jarman is in a list of freeholders of this date.

      "6 Apr 1697 -- Siman Jarmin was one of the witnesses to a deed signed on this date [see Benjamin Hicks (ed.), Records of the Town of North and South Hempstead, vol 1, pp 416-417, 440; vol 2, pp 110, 125]."

      On 26 Oct 1697, Simon Jerman of Hempstead and his wife, Mary, conveyed real property to Joseph Please. The name Simon Jarman appears on the list of proprietors and freeholders of Hempstead to whom John Stuard addressed his petition 16 Feb 1691/2, mentioned above. [Note: We have retained in given instances the expression of dates as they are given in the records. The reader is advised that the colonies retained the Gregorian calender practice of carrying the prior year designation through the 25th of March in the next year, since in the Gregorian calculation this was the year end. Thus, a listing of 16 Feb 1691/2 should be read not as 1691 or 1692, but as 1692 in our calendar terms.

      Unfortunately, often the year would appear at the heading of a town book or register, resulting in the continuance of the designation by researchers past the 25th of March. Where the entry bears less historical significance associated with the Gregorian expression of the date, we have "contemporized" the expression; e.g., 16 Feb 1692 rather than 16 Feb 1691/2.]

      Simon Jarman was a witness to a deed of John Robison of Hempstead to his son, Joseph Robison.

      Neither Simon nor Mary Jarman, Garman, etc. appears in the 1698 Census for Hempstead, indicating that they had moved or, less likely, died by that date. Perhaps Simon, Mary and some of their children moved to either Westchester or Dutchess County, NY in the Spring of 1698. The only Jarman listed in the 1698 census for Hempstead is John. Tredwell believes he is "doubtless a relative of Simon, possibly his son" [NYGB Record, vol 45, p 60]. We believe that John Jarman was Jean, the French spelling of John, and indeed the second listed son of Simon and Mary.

      However, it is clear that Isaac, the oldest son, is in Hempstead in 1712. If Simon and Mary moved north, then at least Isaac and Jean [John] did not go with them at this time. It does not seem likely that Simon and Mary died in late 1697 or early 1698. The mention of only John [Jean] in the 1698 Census and Isaac Germond . Isaac Germond, Jr., son of Isaac, is the first documented resident of Dutchess County, and the first owner of Germond Hill, acquiring the property in 1740. Thus, we do not believe that Simon and Mary came to Dutchess County. As recorded earlier above, we believe it is more likely that Simon and Mary moved to Boston, to the shore of Long Island, or to Westchester County.

      Some of the genealogical research records of the Germond family are reposited in the Germond Collection of the Adriance Public Library, Local History Room. The following historical paragraphs are derived from them. In these records, the marriage to Simon by Mary is identified only in terms that he "remarried and had several more children." We do not know which, if any, of the children recorded here were born to Simon and Mary. We initially made the connection to Simon and Mary from a record of a land transaction involving William Bedell and Simon and Mary.

      Germond Collection, Local History Room, Adriance Library, Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, NY. From Commemorative Biographies, a page containing Isaac Germond and the Hon. Samuel K. Phillips biographies:

      "Isaac Germond, mentioned above, is a member of one of the oldest families in the country, who formerly owned a large tract of land surrounding "Germond Hill", near Verbank, and part of the original tract in the town of Washington. . . . The Germonds, Germans, and Jarmans are said by some to be all descended from four brothers who came from France about 200 years ago, one settling on Long Island, one in Harlem, one in the town of Washington, Dutchess County, and one in the town of Stanford, Dutchess County. [The first portion of the previous statement appears to be generally accurate. The latter portion of the sentence regarding locations of settlement is an example of historical "compression" in which the retelling of the origin of a family attributes the second or third generation's places of settlement to the place of settlement of the original settlers of the family in America.]

      A letter from O. B. Germond of 1 Aug 1965 to Mrs. Phillip T. Shrigley of Denver, CO states: "The first Germond came to America about 1680, finally settling in Dutchess County. Capt. Isaac Germond brought to America his wife, four children, and four brothers."

      The Edict of Nantes, which had granted toleration to Protestants in France, was revoked in 1685. Wholesale massacre of the Protestants, known as Huguenots, ensued. Thousands left the country for the Netherlands, England and American. According to the Germond family historian, Henry S. Germond II and his son Henry S. Germond III of Little Silver, NJ, Simon Germon (Jarman, Germain, Germond) with his first wife and two or three of their children fled from their home near La Rochelle to England, where they received assistance. From London they sailed to Boston. Simon's wife died at sea. From Boston the family went to Hempstead, Long Island. The Germond family sheets suggest that Simon remarried in Boston, but given Robert Bedell's arrival in Hempstead between 1650 and 1654, and the first record of Simon in Hempstead, it is highly probably that his remarriage took place in Hempstead.

      We are indebted to the research of George W. Buffington, 707 Stockton St., Apt. 508, San Francisco, CA 94108, email: gbufftrans@aol.com, ph. 415.398.2293 for much of the early material on descendants of Simon and Mary that are not recorded by Henry Shelden Germond, Jr. in his History of the Germond Family In America.

      Reynolds, Dutchess County Doorways, 1730-1830, p 111: [See the notes on the record of James Germond, great-grandson of Simon] "The name: Germond is an evolved form of Germaine. Originally French and supposedly carried to England by the Huguenots, the name travelled to Barbardoes [sic] in the British West Indies. Barbadoes was early a prosperous colony but in 1675 it suffered from a hurricane that destroyed much property and caused many of its inhabitants to move away. [ed. note: a branch of the English Bedell family also settled early in the British West Indies, for which there is an extensive genealogy in the library of the British Society of Genealogists in London, England. This is a possible earlier location for Mary's father, Robert, which needs to be researched.] In 1678 "Symon Jarmin" is recorded as removing from Barbadoes to Boston and by 1683 he had established his residence at Hempstead, Long Island, where his descendants continued for several generations. In the records at Hempstead men of English speech, writing in phonetic spelling, rendered this family name in a variety of ways, such as: Jamin, Jarman, Jermain, Jerman, Garman, Germen, Germon."

      Haley, Bedell Family Notes: This account, and one other with probably the same source, states that Mary and Simon had two children, Mary (b abt 1685) and Benjamin (b abt 1690). No evidence is given, and we believe that the Germond family accounts cited above are probably more accurate.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1836] "Robert Bedell of Hempstead, Long Island and His Descendants", Henry Alanson Tredwell, Jr., (New York Genealogical and Biographical Record), vol 71, p 10.

    2. [S1819] Germond Family Sheets, George W. Buffington, (Germond Collection, Local History Room, Adriance Public Library, Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, NY).

    3. [S1820] A History of the Germond Family In America, Henry Shelden Germond, Jr., (Unpublished typed mss., 1935).

    4. [S1821] Haley: Bedell Family Notes, Joyce Haley, (djhaley@gci.net; 31 Aug 2006).

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